Well Regulated Militia & III%er Force Library - 1828 DICTIONARY 2A - Oroville, CA


American Dictionary of the English Language

Webster's Dictionary 1828


RIGHT, adjective rite. [Latin rectus, from the root of rego, properly to strain or stretch, whence straight.]
2. In social and political affairs, that is right which is consonant to the laws and customs of a country,
4. Lawful; as the right heir of an estate.
5. True; not erroneous or wrong; according to fact.
If there be no prospect beyond the grave, the inference is certainly right 'let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die.'
6. Correct; passing a true judgment; not mistaken or wrong.
You are right justice, and you weigh this well.
8. Most favorable or convenient.
9. Properly placed, disposed or adjusted; orderly; well regulated.
10. Well performed, as an art or act.
RIGHT, adverb
2. According to the law or will of God, or to the standard of truth and justice; as, to judge right
RIGHT, noun
1. the perfect standard of truth and justice. In the literal sense, right is a straight line of conduct, and wrong a crooked one. right therefore is rectitude or straightness, and perfect rectitude is found only in an infinite Being and his will.
2. Conformity to human laws, or to other human standard of truth, propriety or justice. When laws are definite, right and wrong are easily ascertained and understood. In arts, there are some principles and rules which determine what is right In many things indifferent, or left without positive law, we are to judge what is right by fitness or propriety, by custom, civility or other circumstances.
3. Justice; that which is due or proper; as, to do right to every man.
4. Freedom from error; conformity with truth or fact.
5. Just claim; legal title; ownership; the legal power of exclusive possession and enjoyment. In hereditary monarchies, a right to the throne vests in the heir on the decease of the king. A deed vests the right of possession in the purchaser of land. right and possession are very different things. We often have occasion to demand and sue for rights not in possession.
6. Just claim by courtesy, customs, or the principles of civility and decorum. Every man has a right to civil treatment. The magistrate has a right to respect.
7. Just claim by sovereignty; prerogative. God, as the author of all things, has a right to govern and dispose of them at his pleasure.
8. That which justly belongs to one.
Born free, he sought his right
9. Property; interest.
10. Just claim; immunity; privilege. All men have a right to the secure enjoyment of life, personal safety, liberty and property. We deem the right of trial by jury invaluable, particularly in the case of crimes. Rights are natural, civil, political, religious, personal, and public.
11. Authority; legal power. We have no right to disturb others in the enjoyment of their religious opinions.
12. In the United States, a tract of land; or a share or proportion of property, as in a mine or manufactory.
1. To rights, in a direct line; straight. [Unusual.]
2. Directly; soon.
To set to rights,
To put to rights, to put into good order; to adjust; to regulate what is out of order.
Bill of rights, a list of rights; a paper containing a declaration of rights, or the declaration itself.
RIGHT, verb transitive
1. To do justice to; to relieve from wrong; as, to right an injured person.


KEEP, verb transitive preterit tense and participle passive kept. 
1. To hold; to retain in one's power or possession; not to lose or part with; as, to keep a house or a farm;
2. To have in custody for security or preservation.
3. To preserve; to retain.
4. To preserve from falling or from danger; to protect; to guard or sustain.
5. To hold or restrain from departure; to detain.
6. To tend; to have the care of.
8. To preserve in any tenor or state. keep a stiff rein.
KEEP the constitution sound.
9. To regard; to attend to.
10. To hold in any state; as, to keep in order.
12. To practice; to do or perform; to obey; to observe in practice; not to neglect or violate;
13. To fulfill; to perform; as, to keep one's word, promise or covenant.
14. To practice; to use habitually; as, to keep bad hours.
18. To have in the house; to entertain;
19. To maintain; not to intermit; as, to keep watch or guard.
To keep in, to prevent from escape; to hold in confinement.
1. To conceal; not to tell or disclose.
2. To restrain; to curb.
To keep off, to hinder from approach or attack; as, to keep off an enemy or an evil.
To keep under, to restrain; to hold in subjection; as, to keep under an antagonist or a conquered country; to keep under the appetites and passions.
To keep up, to maintain; to prevent from falling or diminution; as, to keep up the price of goods; to keep up one's credit.
1. To maintain; to continue; to hinder from ceasing.
In joy, that which keeps up the action is the desire to continue it.keep out, to hinder from entering or taking possession.
1. To remain in the house; to be confined.
His feeble health obliges him to keep house.
To keep from, to restrain; to prevent approach.
KEEP, verb intransitive To remain in any state; as, to keep at a distance; to keep aloft; to keep near; to keep in the house; to keep before or behind; to keep in favor; to keep out of company, or out of reach.
1. To last; to endure; not to perish or be impaired. 
KEEP, noun Custody; guard. [Little used.]
1. Colloquially, case; condition; as in good keep
2. Guardianship; restraint. [Little used.]


AND is a conjunction, connective or conjoining word. It signifies that a word or part of a sentence is to be added to what precedes.


BEAR, verb transitive preterit tense bore; participle passive born, borne. [Latin fero, pario, porto. The primary sense is to throw out, to bring forth, or in general, to thrust or drive along. ]
2. To carry; to convey; to support and remove from place to place;
3. To wear; to bear as a mark of authority or distinction; as, to bear a sword, a badge, a name; to bear arms in a coat.
12. To possess and use as power; to exercise; as, to bear sway.
13. To gain or win.
14. To carry on, or maintain; to have; as, to bear a part in conversation.
15. To show or exhibit; 
20. To remove, or to endure the effects of; and hence to give satisfaction for.
To bear on, is to press against; also to carry forward, to press, incite or animate.
To bear out, is to maintain and support to the end; to defend to the last.
To bear up, to keep afloat.
To bear a hand
BEAR,  verb  intransitive To suffer, as with pain.
7. To bear down, is to drive or tend to; to approach with a fair wind; as, the fleet bore down upon the enemy.
9. To bear up, is to tend or move towards; as, to bear up to one another; also, to be supported; to have fortitude; to be firm; not to sink; as, to bear up under afflictions.
11. To bear against, to approach for attack or seizure; as, 'a lion bears against his prey.'
12. To bear upon, to act upon; as, the artillery bore upon the center; or to be pointed or situated so as to affect; as, to bring or plant guns so as to bear upon a fort, or a ship.


1. Weapons of offense, or armor for defense and protection of the body.
2. War; hostility.
To be in arms to be in a state of hostility, or in a military life.
To arms is a phrase which denotes a taking arms for war or hostility; particularly, a summoning to war.
To take arms is to arm for attack or defense.
4. In law, arms are any thing which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another.
5. The different species of arms or armor,
Sire arms are such as may be charged with powder, as cannon, muskets, mortars, etc.
A stand of arms consists of a musket, bayonet, cartridge-box and belt, with a sword.


1. Shall is primarily in the present, and in our mother tongue was followed by a verb in the infinitive, like other verbs
Thus in the first person, shall simply foretells or declares what will take place; as, I or we shall ride to town on Monday. This declaration simply informs another of a fact that is to take place. The sense of shall here is changed from an expression of need or duty, to that of previous statement or information, grounded on intention or resolution. When uttered with emphasis, 'I shall go, ' it expresses firm determination, but not a promise.
2. In the second and third persons, shall implies a promise, command or determination. 'You shall receive your wages, ' 'he shall receive his wages, ' imply that you or he ought to receive them; but usage gives these phrases the force of a promise in the person uttering them.
When shall is uttered with emphasis in such phrases, it expresses determination in the speaker, and implies an authority to enforce the act. 'Do you refuse to go? Does he refuse to go? But you or he shall go.'
4. But after another verb, shall, in the third person, simply foretells.
6. Should, in the first person, implies a conditional event. 'I should have written a letter yesterday, had I not been interrupted.' Or it expresses obligation, and that in all the persons.
I should, have paid the bill on demand; it was my duty, your duty, his duty to
7. Should, though properly the past tense of shall, is often used to express a contingent future event;


NOT, adverb [See Naught.]
1. A word that expreses negation, denial or refusal; as, he will no go; will you remain? 
2. With the substantive verb in the following phrase, it denies being, or denotes extinction of existence.


BE, verb intransitive substantive, participle present tense being; participle passive been.[The sense is to stand, remain or be fixed; hence to continue. 
1. To be fixed; to exist; to have a real state or existence, for a longer or shorter time.
2. To be made to be; to become.
3. To remain. Let the garment be as it was made.
4. To be present in a place. 
5. To have a particular manner of being or happening;
This verb is used as an auxiliary in forming the tenses of other verbs, and particularly in giving them the passive form; as, he has been disturbed. It forms, with the infinitive, a particular future tense, which often expresses duty, necessity or purpose; as, government is to be supported; we are to pay our just debts.
Let be is to omit, or leave untouched; to let alone.


INFRING'ED, participle passive Broken; violated; transgresses.

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